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The best online photo book services of 2021

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My mom has a cabinet full of photo albums curated from years of vacations, birthday parties and family events. While the days of dropping off film canisters at a 24-hour photo counter and carefully arranging the prints in a physical photo album may be in the past thanks to the digital era, I find there’s still no replacement for actually holding those family photos in a photography book on my lap. 

Given that most of us are staying close to home due to the coronavirus pandemic, now is as good a time as any to go through of your favorite photos — not just prints, but also Instagram photos, Facebook albums and any other social media accounts you may have forgotten about. And, with the <a website <a website improving, even phone pictures are worthy of inclusion in a gorgeous glossy photo album.

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Putting a custom photo book together can be a relaxing hobby to take up.

Vlad Fishman/Getty Images

A number of reputable options from photo book services are available online to help you build a photo book project that can be mailed right to your door. The CDC and the WHO say it’s unlikely that you would contract COVID-19 through packages, but if you’re nervous about getting a printed book, you can also just save your project and order your photo album later. 

We tested a few of the best university In indonesia photo books services to see how easy they are to work with, though we haven’t actually gotten any books made yet, so we can’t compare the quality of the final products.  Here are the best photo book services to check out online.

Read more: The best printer for 2021

Shutterfly/Screenshot by Shelby Brown/CNET

Shutterfly is one of the better known digital photo book service options. The site can help you assemble a photo book with over a dozen occasion templates and book sizes, or with tutorials and ideas if you want to start entirely from scratch. You can also choose Shutterfly’s Simple Path, which uses the site’s software to instantly lay out your photos — you need only rearrange them if you like, and decorate and add captions with this editing tool. Basically, you’ll have a personalized photo coffee table book in no time.

You can add print quality photography from your computer, or photos already uploaded to Shutterfly, Facebook or Instagram. You can also use stock photos from Shutterfly’s Art Library. Any photo you upload has to be in JPEG format. The website doesn’t take long to learn to navigate, even if you aren’t very digitally savvy. If you need a bit of inspiration, you can click Idea Pages for some premade templates. 

How much it costs: Without the sales tax, an 8- by 11-inch 20-page hardcover photo book would cost about $40 before shipping and tax. Shutterfly frequently runs sales, so you should be on the lookout for promo codes to apply to your personalized photo book purchase to save some money. If you add or delete something from your project, Shutterfly will tell you that the price of your project has changed.

Mixbook/Screenshot by Shelby Brown/CNET

Mixbook’s minimalist layout makes it very easy to use. The site has dozens of fun photo book themes — family, seasonal, wedding, travel, baby — and more specific designs in each category, perfect for a photo gift. There’s also the option to put a book together from scratch.

Mixbook lets you upload print-quality photos from your computer, phone, Facebook, Instagram or Smugmug or use the photos you’ve already uploaded to the site. 

I used Mixbook to organize my wedding photos a few years after the fact. It was easy to add and edit photos, text, extra pages and embellishments to the template I chose. You can swap themes at any time, but from what I can tell, you have to change the pages manually, though the photos will transfer over.

You can be as creative as you want to be and veer away from the template as you like — or stick with it. As you build your book, you can click Preview to see how the final product will look along the way. When you’re satisfied with your book, click Order to finalize the photo book size, page and cover finish. 

How much it costs: Mixbook offers a lot of customization options that can affect your final price. Photo books can be ordered in landscape, portrait or square shape in 6- by 6-inch, 8.5- by 8.5-inch, 10- by 10-inch and 12- by 12-inch sizes. Mixbook offers four different page finishes and five different cover option styles. The combination you choose, and any extra pages, will determine your price. 

Choosing the regular semigloss page finish and a softcover can help keep prices under $20. Designing a larger book with more bells and whistles like hardcover matte or leather with a dust jacket will raise the final price. For example, my 8.5- by 8.5-inch 39-page hardcover wedding photo book came to about $30 with a discount code, before tax and shipping.

Snapfish/Screenshot by Shelby Brown/CNET

Snapfish makes uploading photos to make an album super easy by organizing all of your uploads into a file. From there, you can let Snapfish autofill your photo book or add your images manually. Snapfish had a similar photo editing user interface to Mixbook, but was more sensitive about image resolution. For example, on both sites if an uploaded image’s resolution is too low, it’s flagged with a little exclamation mark. Some of the photos that were OK for Mixbook didn’t pass Snapfish’s resolution requirements. 

Snapfish had dozens of templates and themes like Summer Snapshots, Grad Nostalgia, Family Farmhouse, Storybook Love and Moments with Mom. If you picked a template to start with, you can still swap pages for other backgrounds or change the book theme entirely. Some of the embellishments with certain templates had drop-shadows for each photo that made them feel more like traditional scrapbook pieces. 

How much it costs: When you’re finished with your project, click Review and Buy to place your order. For an 8- by 11-inch hardcover 20-page photobook, Snapfish charged $40. The site also offered to print nine 4- by 6-inch glossy prints from the album for 9 cents each. 

Walmart/Screenshot by Shelby Brown/CNET

Get started on your photo book by making an account on Walmart’s website. You can customize your photograph book’s size, from 5 by 7 inches all the way up to 12 by 12 inches, as well as the cover type, binding and how fast you want it delivered. Since I already had the photos available, I tested out Walmart’s All That Glitters wedding album template. You can swap templates at any time, but the photos you’ve placed won’t transfer, and you’ll need to put them back into the new layout.

Walmart lets you upload digital photography from your computer, Facebook, Instagram, Flickr, Dropbox and Google Photos, but the site will only hold onto the photos for one year. After dropping a photo in, click it to start the editing process if you want to make adjustments. However, Walmart provides fewer photo editing options — a black-and-white or a sepia filter, the ability to crop, zoom, tilt, brightness adjustment and red-eye elimination — compared to other websites.

It was easy to drag and drop photos or swap layout pages in the template. One of the downsides to Walmart’s photo books though was the lack of embellishments. The program lets you add text, but “stickers,” like those on other sites, would’ve taken the design process up a level. 

How much it costs: Once you’re finished with your project, click Next to review your photo book in a storyboard format before you order. There’s also an option to preview the entire book page by page if you want a more detailed review before ordering. You’ll get an alert if you left any slots blank, so don’t panic. Walmart’s option is also the least expensive of the bunch: An 8- by 11-inch 20-page hardcover photo book cost about $19 before shipping and tax. The store offers free shipping on orders over $35.

Mailpix

If you’re not keen on making an account and getting a slew of emails from a company, Mailpix might be the way to go. With this photo book company, you can make a photobook as a guest, no account needed. 

Mailpix offers premium ultra layflat, layflat, hardcover book and softcover photo book styles, ranging from 8-by-8 inches to 11-by-14 inches in size. The site recommends designing the book on a computer and using JPEG files. You can pick out styles for almost every occasion — birth celebrations, Mother’s and Father’s day, holidays like Christmas, Halloween and Hanukkah, birthdays and pets. 

Choose a layout and upload your photos. You can change the page layout at any time and the photos you’ve added to that page will adapt (unlike with Walmart’s service). One thing I didn’t like about Mailpix was the red line that appeared around the page indicating that a section might be cropped out during printing. This made me a bit nervous — especially with embellishment-heavy pages, and I found myself distracted while I tried to imagine who my page would turn out.

I experimented with a cute retro design that looked similar to something you might be able to recreate with real scrapbook materials. There was a nice diversity in page layouts, and the site warns you if a photo’s resolution is too low, so you can adjust. In addition, Mailpix updates your price total as you go along, so you’re not caught off-guard by the final price at checkout. 

How much it costs: When you’re satisfied with your book, name it and choose how many copies you’d like to order. Select a cover style, add a photo if you’d like and check out. The prices for the book styles and amount of pages vary, like with the other sites — the fancier the book and more pages you add, the more expensive it gets. On Mailpix, every extra page cost $1.20.

An 8-by-8-inch softcover book with 22 pages came $37.40 before tax and shipping — ground shipping is $9, but Mailpix had a spring sale going on and two promo codes available as well, which will lower your price a bit. 

Google Photos/Screenshot by Shelby Brown/CNET

Instead of uploading your photos into another app, you can create a photo book with less hassle with Google Photos. In the Google Photos app, tap the For You tab (on my Pixel 3 phone, it’s at the bottom of the screen, but it also works on desktop) and then tap the Prints button. Tap Photo Books to get started with a hardcover 9- by 9-inch or a softcover 7- by 7-inch. Both books start at 20 pages and can go up to 100 pages.

Google will give you a few premade albums based on your photos, like Best of Winter 2019, or you can build your own photo book by choosing an album you already made. There’s also the option to start from scratch and manually add all the photos by tapping Make Photo Book at the bottom of the screen.

Google Photos is probably the most basic choice if you’re going to order a photo book. It offers a minimalist layout on white pages that you can add captions to. There aren’t embellishments like there are on Snapfish or Mixbook, but you can still make creative layouts with multiple photos. Hold down a page and drag it to rearrange or tap to edit. Google Photos still has editing options in its app for you to add filters before creating a book. 

How much it costs: A hardcover 9- by 9-inch photo book costs $20 and 65 cents for each additional page. A softcover 7- by 7-inch photo book costs $10 and 35 cents for each additional page before shipping.

Blurb/Screenshot by Shelby Brown/CNET

Making a photo book with Blurb has a bit more steep of a learning curve than the rest of the services on this list. Blurb is aimed at the professional photographer wanting to showcase work and possibly sell it with a professional photo book. You can still use Blurb to make a photo book as a keepsake or a gift for a loved one, but you need to download the free Bookwright app extension to do it after making an account with the photo book service. You can also use programs like Adobe InDesign and Adobe Lightroom, but I would only recommend using these if you already pay for them. 

To start your project after you’ve downloaded Bookwright, you can choose your book preferences (cover, size, page style). I used a YouTube tutorial from Blurb to get the hang of the program. At its bare bones, the program works like other photo-book creation sites. Import the photos you want, choose to auto-create the book or drag and drop the photos into the layouts you choose. You can also design your own layout and save it for future use. Clicking Manage Photos displays all your pages in a spread so you can rearrange as needed.

When you’re finished with the project, you can click Upload to send to Blurb. You can purchase physical copies of your photo book and/or get a digital version in PDF format ($5 extra). If you’re ordering multiple copies (10 to 20+), Blurb has up to 40% discounts. You can also upload editions to sell by clicking Sell Your Book instead of Order Your Book after uploading it. 

How much it costs: Blurb, like the other services, lets you customize your project to best fit your price range. The site default recommends a 20-page 10- by 8-inch landscape photo book with an image-wrap hardcover and premium luster paper for $41. Each additional page costs 35 cents. My test album was the cheapest combination: A 20-page 7- by 7-inch softcover with standard paper for $15. Each additional page was 20 cents.

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Want to learn Python? We found 5 online coding courses for beginners

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Though millions of Americans face unemployment due to the coronavirus pandemictech companies like Apple and Amazon are still hiring. If a new career move is what you’re after, learning to code can help you acquire the skill set for a new digital position, including opportunities to work from home — and there are plenty of online online coding class options that can help.

It’s important to know which programming language you want to learn before you get started — Python, JavaScript, C# or one of hundreds of others — and it hinges on what you want to do with it, like build a website, a game or an app. We recommend starting with Python, which is frequently ranked as an in-demand and relatively easy-to-learn programming language often used in business settings.

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Aksonsat Uanthoeng/EyeEm/Getty Images

Here are five of the best university in indonesia online Python course options that you can take right now:

Read more: Learn cybersecurity with these 5 online classes  

Skillshare/Screenshot by Shelby Brown/CNET

No previous coding experience is required for this Python course, making it a good choice for the absolute beginner at Python programming. Jack Donaldson is a game designer and programmer who’ll teach you the basic concepts and fundamentals of the Python programming language. You’ll need a laptop or desktop computer and will start by installing Python and PyCharm, an integrated development environment used to help build software applications. Both are free to download.

Donaldson first takes you through the introductory course topics, Python training basics like variables, data types, condition statements and manipulating strings and texts. He also covers more complicated advanced Python code topics like loops and functions. In his class description video, Donaldson says his Python online course relies heavily on “doing” — expect lots of projects and walkthroughs to help you build a foundation in Python skills.

What it costs: Some online classes on Skillshare are free when you create an account, but most require a premium membership, which costs $99 annually or $19 a month. You can sign up for 14 free days of unlimited classes. The premium membership is also ad-free and lets you download classes to your mobile device and watch offline. 

Coursera/Screenshot by Shelby Brown/CNET

The Programming for Everybody: Getting Started with Python course, offered on Coursera through the University of Michigan, explores the basics of the Python programming language, writing your first program and using variables and core programming tools.

The programming foundations course is part of the five-course Python for Everybody Specialization. You can enroll in a single Python class to get started, go through Python certification, or audit the class and review the materials for free. 

The Python for Everybody Specialization is considered a beginner specialization and if you subscribe to one Python course, you’ll be included in the whole specialization. According to Coursera, the first two Python online training courses offer Python tutorial basics aimed at those with no programming experience. 

The online Python course is free to download and requires a laptop or desktop computer to learn Python coding skills.

What it costs: Coursera operates more like a traditional online college course with enrollment windows. Sometimes the certificates you earn can apply as a credit at an institution, but it has to be stated. When you sign up for Coursera, you get a seven-day free trial and then it costs $49 a month. You can also choose to audit the class for free, which lets you read and view the Python program course content only. 

Udemy/Screenshot by Shelby Brown/CNET

This Udemy course from a professional software developer aims to provide complete coding beginners with an understanding of Python fundamentals over 363 short lectures. You’ll learn Python programming skills that can be applied to specific branches like machine learning and data science as well as other programming jobs centered around Python. 

The course primarily focuses on Python 3 (the latest release being version 3.8), but you’ll also learn how to work with Python 2. You can view and download active Python releases on Python’s main site. As you learn more about the programming language, you can read up on the changes that have been implemented in the change logs. 

What it costs: Udemy’s course prices are set by the individual instructors from a price tier, unless they choose to offer them for free. This course costs $110, which is steeper than most of the others listed, but it has a lot to offer.

Skillshare/Screenshot by Shelby Brown/CNET

The Python in 90 minutes class on Skillshare is a bite-size crash course on the coding language if you’re pressed for time or in need of a refresher. The instructor efficiently packs the essentials of Python into 25 lessons along with extra materials, reviews and practice sheets. This Python training course is aimed at beginners and will teach you the fundamentals. Like the others, you’ll need a laptop or desktop to work on.

What it costs: Some online classes on Skillshare are free when you create an account, but most require a premium membership, which costs $99 annually or $19 a month. You can sign up for 14 free days of unlimited classes. The premium membership is also ad-free and lets you download classes to your mobile device and watch offline. 

Great Courses/Screenshot by Shelby Brown/CNET

This Python course from Texas A&M University Professor John Keysor starts with the basics and the course content takes a deep dive into the Python language over 24 lessons. Each lesson is about 30 minutes and builds upon the last to show you practical applications for Python. In the course description, Keysor notes such applications coding for games and graphics, analyzing sports statistics, simulating retirement funds and basic robotics. 

What it costs: The Great Courses doesn’t have a flat subscription fee like Skillshare. Keysor’s course costs $50 on instant video or $70 on DVD. At the time of publication a sale was happening on The Great Courses website. 

When you make a Great Courses account, you can stream the course for free with trial with The Great Courses Plus. The content can then be accessed over the iOS or Android app, or on your TV via the Roku app, Chromecast, Amazon Fire TV and Apple TV.

To learn more digital skills, check out the free classes you can take through Microsoft and LinkedIn Learning. And for more, check out five MasterClass classes to become a filmmaker and other online classes to help you learn to play guitar, learn to code and learn to draw.

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Arab Spring: the first smartphone revolution

Egyptians use their mobile phones to record celebrations on February 12, 2011 in Cairo's Tahrir Square

Egyptians use their mobile phones to record celebrations on February 12, 2011 in Cairo's Tahrir Square

Egyptians use their mobile phones to record celebrations on February 12, 2011 in Cairo’s Tahrir Square

Social media and smartphones briefly gave youthful Arab Spring protesters a technological edge that helped topple ageing dictatorships a decade ago as their revolutionary spirit went viral.

Regimes across North Africa and the Middle East were caught flat-footed as the fervour of the popular uprisings spread at the speed of the internet via Facebook, YouTube and Twitter.

Unfortunately for the pro-democracy movements, autocratic states have since caught up in the digital arms race, adding cyber surveillance, online censorship and troll armies to their arsenals.

While the so-called Arab Spring offered a brief glimmer of hope for many, it ended with even more repressive regimes in most countries and devastating, ongoing wars in Syria, Libya and Yemen.

"Facebook" is written with stones in Cairo's Tahrir Square on February 6, 2011, the epicenter of anti-regime protests

"Facebook" is written with stones in Cairo's Tahrir Square on February 6, 2011, the epicenter of anti-regime protests

“Facebook” is written with stones in Cairo’s Tahrir Square on February 6, 2011, the epicenter of anti-regime protests

Nonetheless, say veterans of the period, the revolts mark a watershed moment when digital natives launched the era of “hashtag protests” from Occupy Wall Street to Hong Kong’s Umbrella protests and Black Lives Matter.

Hyper-networked and largely leaderless, such protests flare up like flashmobs, making them harder for authorities to suppress, with grievances and demands decided not by committees but crowd-sourced online.

“Blogs and social networks were not the trigger, but they supported the social movements,” said former Tunisian activist Sami Ben Gharbia, who ran a blog from exile and returned home amid the 2010 uprising.

“They were a formidable weapon of communication.”

The slogans of TV channel "Al-Jazeera" and social media giant "Facebook" are spray-painted at Cairo's Tahrir Square on February 7, 2011

The slogans of TV channel "Al-Jazeera" and social media giant "Facebook" are spray-painted at Cairo's Tahrir Square on February 7, 2011

The slogans of TV channel “Al-Jazeera” and social media giant “Facebook” are spray-painted at Cairo’s Tahrir Square on February 7, 2011

Today, say Arab cyber-activists, states have lost much of their control over what citizens can see, know and say, as evidenced by a later wave of protests that rocked Algeria, Sudan, Iraq and Lebanon in 2019 and 2020.

While the heavy lid of state censorship has come down once more in many places, that free spirit has also brought change for the better, especially in the small Mediterranean country where it all started, Tunisia.

– ‘Mass mobile-isation’ –

A protester records with his mobile phone a demonstration in central Tunis on January 19, 2011

A protester records with his mobile phone a demonstration in central Tunis on January 19, 2011

A protester records with his mobile phone a demonstration in central Tunis on January 19, 2011

The spark that set off the Arab Spring was the tragic suicide of Tunisian street vendor Mohammed Bouazizi, 26, who, having long been cheated and humiliated by state officials, set himself on fire.

If his desperate act on December 17, 2010 expressed a real-world fury shared by millions, it was the virtual universe of online communications that spread the anger and hope for change like wildfire.

Long simmering discontent among the less privileged was harnessed and multiplied by tech-savvy and often middle-class activists into a mass movement that would spread from Morocco to Iran.

Bouazizi’s self-immolation was not caught on video — but the subsequent street protests were, along with the police violence that aimed to suppress them through fear but instead sparked more anger.

Smartphones with their cameras became citizens’ weapons in the information war that allowed almost everyone to bear witness, and to organise, in a trend that has been dubbed “mass mobile-isation”.

Clips were shared especially on Facebook, a medium outside the control of police states that had for decades tightly controlled print and broadcast media.

“The role of Facebook was decisive,” recalled a blogger using the name Hamadi Kaloutcha, who had studied in Belgium and back in 2008 launched a Facebook forum called “I have a dream … A democratic Tunisia”.

“Information could be published right under the regime’s nose,” he said.

“Censorship was frozen. Either they censored everything that circulated, or they censored nothing.”

Social media and smartphones briefly gave youthful Arab Spring protesters a technological edge against ageing dictatorships

Social media and smartphones briefly gave youthful Arab Spring protesters a technological edge against ageing dictatorships

Social media and smartphones briefly gave youthful Arab Spring protesters a technological edge against ageing dictatorships

If previously dissent could only be whispered, some of the citizens’ fear and apathy lifted as online users saw their networks of family and friends speak out in the virtual space.

Online platforms also formed a bridge with traditional global media, further accelerating the regional revolt.

“International media like Al-Jazeera covered the uprising directly from Facebook,” Kaloutcha said.

“We had no other platform to broadcast videos.”

With head-spinning speed, Tunisia’s ruler of more than two decades, President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, was gone in less than a month.

“Thank you Facebook,” read one graffiti sprayed on Tunisian walls, long before the social media giant drew increasing fire for spreading not just calls for freedom but also fake news and hate speech.

– ‘The camera is my weapon’ –

An Egyptian demonstrator uses his mobile phone to take a picture of a burnt army tank during clashes in central Cairo on January 29, 2011

An Egyptian demonstrator uses his mobile phone to take a picture of a burnt army tank during clashes in central Cairo on January 29, 2011

An Egyptian demonstrator uses his mobile phone to take a picture of a burnt army tank during clashes in central Cairo on January 29, 2011

The Tunisia victory would soon kick off a political earthquake in North Africa’s powerhouse Egypt.

A key catalyst there to mobilise and organise protests was the Facebook campaign “We are all Khaled Said”, or “WAAKS”, which highlighted rampant police brutality and widespread corruption.

Said, 28, died in police custody best university in indonesia June 2010.

Photos of his battered corpse went viral online while authorities unconvincingly claimed he had choked on a bag of drugs.

The WAAKS campaign brought hundreds to his funeral, followed by a series of silent protests.

By early 2011, the Egyptian revolt had gathered steam, and the movement snowballed into anti-government protests on January 25, the National Police Day.

WAAKS at the time encouraged citizen journalism with the video tutorial “The camera is my weapon”.

Powerful online images surfaced including one of a man facing off with an armoured water cannon, echoing the iconic image of an unknown Chinese protester who in 1989 defied a column of tanks on Beijing’s Tiananmen Square.

Regimes across North Africa and the Middle East were caught flat-footed a decade ago as the fervour of the popular uprisings spread at the speed of the internet

Regimes across North Africa and the Middle East were caught flat-footed a decade ago as the fervour of the popular uprisings spread at the speed of the internet

Regimes across North Africa and the Middle East were caught flat-footed a decade ago as the fervour of the popular uprisings spread at the speed of the internet

Volunteers translated Arabic tweets for the international media, even as state broadcasters railed against the “criminals” and “foreign enemies” it blamed for instigating the protests.

Anonymous movement hackers showed solidarity by distributing advice on how to breach state firewalls and set up mirror websites.

On January 28, 2011, the “Friday of Rage”, the government ordered an internet blackout and blocked cell phone services, but it was too late.

A critical mass was already reached, and more youngsters left their screens to join the offline action on the streets.

At the height of the protests, up to one million Egyptians were demanding Hosni Mubarak’s ouster.

He finally agreed to step down on February 11, ending a rule of nearly three decades.

– Virtual battlegrounds –

If the phrase “Arab Spring” echoed the romantic hopes for freedom of the 1968 Prague Spring, it ended as tragically as that brief uprising crushed by Soviet tanks.

An Egyptian holds up a sign praising Facebook in 2011 on Cairo's Tahrir Square, heeding a call by the opposition for a "march of a million" calling for the ouster of Hosni Mubarak

An Egyptian holds up a sign praising Facebook in 2011 on Cairo's Tahrir Square, heeding a call by the opposition for a "march of a million" calling for the ouster of Hosni Mubarak

An Egyptian holds up a sign praising Facebook in 2011 on Cairo’s Tahrir Square, heeding a call by the opposition for a “march of a million” calling for the ouster of Hosni Mubarak

Arab states have quickly caught up with their own cyber tools, weaponising social media and cracking down hard on online activists.

“The authorities reacted quickly to control this strategic space,” said former Moroccan activist Nizar Bennamate, then with the February 20th protest movement.

Activists, he said, became “victims of defamation, insults and threats on social networks and some online media”.

A decade later, Amnesty International charged, Morocco has used smartphone hacking software to spy on journalist and rights activist Omar Radi, before detaining him on rape and espionage charges.

A computer screen shows tweets posted by users on January 14, 2011 about the situation in Tunisia

A computer screen shows tweets posted by users on January 14, 2011 about the situation in Tunisia

A computer screen shows tweets posted by users on January 14, 2011 about the situation in Tunisia

In Egypt, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s government has crushed almost all dissent, blocked hundreds of websites and jailed social media users, including even teenage influencers on the short video app TikTok.

Takeovers of publishing and TV companies by regime insiders has “led to the death of pluralism in the media landscape,” said Sabrina Bennoui of Reporters Without Borders (RSF).

“We called this movement the ‘Sisification’ of the media.”

Gulf countries, meanwhile, have used the Covid-19 pandemic “as a pretext to continue pre-existing patterns of suppressing the right to freedom of expression,” Amnesty has charged.

As conflicts are fought increasingly in the virtual space, the standoff between a Saudi-led group of Gulf countries and Qatar has seen the use of bot armies to attack each other.

In Libya’s war, fought with drones and mercenaries, UN mediators recently urged both sides not just to lay down their weapons but also to refrain from the use of online “hate speech and incitement to violence”.

An image from a propaganda video released on March 17, 2014 by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant group's al-Furqan Media

An image from a propaganda video released on March 17, 2014 by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant group's al-Furqan Media

An image from a propaganda video released on March 17, 2014 by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant group’s al-Furqan Media

Social media has also been used to great effect by non-state actors such as the Islamic State jihadist group, which employed it as a powerful weapon for propaganda and recruitment.

“The tools that catalysed the Arab Spring, we’ve learned, are only as good or as bad as those who use them,” said a commentary in Wired magazine.

“And as it turns out, bad people are also very good at social media.”

– ‘Dream come true’ –

Today, as most Arab countries linger near the murky bottom of RSF’s Global Press Freedom Index, the one place that offers a glimmer of hope is Tunisia, the tiny country where it all started.

Though battered by poverty and now the pandemic, it boasts a long secular tradition, a fragile democracy and relative freedom of speech in a region dominated by totalitarian regimes.

Tunisian journalist Sami Ben Gharbia, once a refugee who  ran the Nawaat blog from the Netherlands, at the office of the now fully fledged Nawaat media outlet

Tunisian journalist Sami Ben Gharbia, once a refugee who  ran the Nawaat blog from the Netherlands, at the office of the now fully fledged Nawaat media outlet

Tunisian journalist Sami Ben Gharbia, once a refugee who ran the Nawaat blog from the Netherlands, at the office of the now fully fledged Nawaat media outlet

Nawaat, once one of the major dissident blogs subject to state censorship, is now a fully fledged media outlet that runs both opinion and investigative pieces, with a website and a printed magazine.

It has produced several documentaries on environmental and social justice issues and interviewed former prime minister Elyes Fakhfakh earlier this year.

Gharbia, once a refugee who had fled the Ben Ali regime and ran the Nawaat blog from the Netherlands from 2004 to 2011, is now proud to be a force in the country’s media landscape.

“There was a big debate after the fall of Ben Ali,” he said.

“Had we reached our goal, should we continue and in what form?

Nawaat, once one of the major dissident blogs subject to state censorship, is now a fully fledged media outlet

Nawaat, once one of the major dissident blogs subject to state censorship, is now a fully fledged media outlet

Nawaat, once one of the major dissident blogs subject to state censorship, is now a fully fledged media outlet

“After a transition, in 2013, we decided to professionalise the editorial staff, to produce independent quality information, which is still lacking today in Tunisia”.

One recent day he was running a lively editorial meeting during which journalists discussed which political parties to investigate next.

“Having offices and a team of journalists working freely in the field was a dream 10 years ago,” he said.

“That dream has come true.”

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Kylie Jenner takes a fashion risk in a electric green and black jacket

Kylie Jenner has cemented herself as a bona fide style icon with her bold fashion choices over the years.

And on Sunday, the makeup mogul battled cooling temperatures in a statement-making piece of outerwear, which coordinated with her green and black bodysuit

While posing in a crouched positioned for a selfie in her full-length wall mirror, the 23-year-old sported a faux fur-trimmed black motorcycle jacket and stilettos.  

Bold look: Kylie Jenner stayed warm in a statement-making piece of outerwear, which coordinated with her green and black bodysuit on Sunday

Bold look: Kylie Jenner stayed warm in a statement-making piece of outerwear, which coordinated with her green and black bodysuit on Sunday

Bold look: Kylie Jenner stayed warm in a statement-making piece of outerwear, which coordinated with her green and black bodysuit on Sunday

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Keep cosy like Kylie in a shearling biker jacket by Charlotte Knowles

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Charlotte Knowles shearling 'Joan' jacket

Take a closer look…

Visit site

Kylie Jenner doesn't like to do things by halves, does she?

The reality star rocked a full outfit by Charlotte Knowles here, made up of a shearling-trim biker jacket in striking black and green, as well as a mesh top and matching trousers in the same colourway. Add in Alexander Wang mules, a Dior bag and a ring by Ruby Stella and it's a seriously statement look.

Charlotte Knowles is an up-and-coming label that has been championed by the likes of Kendall Jenner, Rita Ora, Gigi Hadid and Kylie's sister Kim Kardashian.

Unfortunately her jacket has now sold out, but click (right) to see it in all its glory, before recreating Kylie's style with the help of our edit below.

This Stand Studio option is spot on!

* PRICES MAY NOT BE AS ADVERTISED

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In addition to her furry lime-hued sleeves and collar, Jenner wore a pair of futuristic clear shades, which allowed her 200 million followers to see her sultry eye makeup.   

‘Hello fall,’ the mother-of-one, who shares her two-year-old daughter with ex Travis Scott, captioned the laid-back shot with an electric green heart emoji. 

Her black leather handbag, with a metal silver chain and two charms on the front, sat right in front of her feet. 

Fresh nails: After her appointment with LA-based artist Chaun Legend, Jenner filmed a video flashing her coffin shaped nails in front of her steering wheel

Fresh nails: After her appointment with LA-based artist Chaun Legend, Jenner filmed a video flashing her coffin shaped nails in front of her steering wheel

Fresh nails: After her appointment with LA-based artist Chaun Legend, Jenner filmed a video flashing her coffin shaped nails in front of her steering wheel

Makeup tutorial: Jenner made sure to tell her fans her lip kit collection with Kendall Jenner was back in stock

Makeup tutorial: Jenner made sure to tell her fans her lip kit collection with Kendall Jenner was back in stock

Makeup tutorial: Jenner made sure to tell her fans her lip kit collection with Kendall Jenner was back in stock

She opted to style her waist-length blonde tresses in loose waves, before sharing a close-up of her fresh navy manicure on her Instagram Story. 

After her appointment with LA-based artist Chaun Legend, Jenner filmed a video flashing her coffin shaped nails in front of her steering wheel. 

In the background of her recording, she could be heard listening to Bryson Tiller’s track, I’m Ready for You, and flashing a glistening gold and diamond ring.    

Signature pout: An hour later, she uploaded a video of herself using her lip blush formula from her Kylie Cosmetics' collaboration with sister Kendall Jenner

Signature pout: An hour later, she uploaded a video of herself using her lip blush formula from her Kylie Cosmetics' collaboration with sister Kendall Jenner

Signature pout: An hour later, she uploaded a video of herself using her lip blush formula from her Kylie Cosmetics’ collaboration with sister Kendall Jenner

Famous lips: The bright hue of lipstick perfectly suited her complexion

Famous lips: The bright hue of lipstick perfectly suited her complexion

Famous lips: The bright hue of lipstick perfectly suited her complexion 

An hour later, she uploaded a video of herself using her lip blush kit from her Kylie Cosmetics’ collaboration with sister Kendall Jenner. 

‘Okay, now I’m going to top it with the gloss, this is the Kendall gloss, it looks bright, but it is the perfect wash of color to your lips,’ she said, before enhancing her pout. 

Then, she shared a Boomerang video of her glamorous makeup look, which featured blush and perfectly penciled eyebrows. 

'Okay, now I'm going to top it with the gloss, this is the Kendall gloss, it looks bright, but it is the perfect wash of color to your lips,' she said, before enhancing her pout

'Okay, now I'm going to top it with the gloss, this is the Kendall gloss, it looks bright, but it is the perfect wash of color to your lips,' she said, before enhancing her pout

‘Okay, now I’m going to top it with the gloss, this is the Kendall gloss, it looks bright, but it is the perfect wash of color to your lips,’ she said, before enhancing her pout

Stunning: Then, she shared a Boomerang video of her glamorous makeup look, which featured blush and perfectly penciled eyebrows

Stunning: Then, she shared a Boomerang video of her glamorous makeup look, which featured blush and perfectly penciled eyebrows

Stunning: Then, she shared a Boomerang video of her glamorous makeup look, which featured blush and perfectly penciled eyebrows

The E! star’s mirror selfie marked the first time she posted on her Instagram feed, since surpassing 200 million followers on the app on Thursday. 

The Life Of Kylie star leads her well-followed family, though her older sister Kim Kardashian is approaching with 191 million followers. 

The rest of the famed family’s presence on the site includes Kendall with 141 million; Khloé Kardashian with 122 million; and Kourtney Kardashian with 103 million. 

The latest: Kylie Jenner, 23, on Thursday surpassed 200 million Instagram followers, becoming the first member of the famed family to achieve the social media feat

The latest: Kylie Jenner, 23, on Thursday surpassed 200 million Instagram followers, becoming the first member of the famed family to achieve the social media feat

The latest: Kylie Jenner, 23, world class university [simply click blog.teknokrat.ac.id] on Thursday surpassed 200 million Instagram followers, becoming the first member of the famed family to achieve the social media feat

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